Its population was estimated to be 30,045,949 in year 2017. After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, the Sikh Empire became the last territory to be merged into British India. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. The Government of Punjab is a provincial government in the federal structure of Pakistan, is based in Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province. Li cité capital del provincia Punjab es Lahore. Punjab has been inhabited since ancient times. [43] The area finally became part of the Mughal Empire when the Turco-Mongol ruler Babur invaded in 1524. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. Pakistan Area and Population Density. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. Urdu Waxes, Punjabi Wanes. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Syed Ahmad Barelvi was an Indian Muslim who declared Jihad against the Sikhs by garnering support from local Pashtun tribesmen and attempted to create an Islamic state with strict enforcement of Sharia. District at a glance Vehari. Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunities, forming the large Punjabi diaspora, resulting in growing economic ties between Punjab and these countries. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. Tours are accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze. The incidence of poverty differs between the different regions of Punjab. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. The state population was recorded to be 29,673,462 (2.96 Crore) in 2016. Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan): 1.15 million. The Punjab, or Panjab ("five rivers"), is a region in South Asia that includes territories of north India and eastern Pakistan. Within Punjab, the British Territory of 99,089 sq. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. [73] The list of thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals that demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres includes: The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. In 2003, the province manufactured 90% of the paper and paper boards, 71% of the fertilizers, 69% of the sugar and 40% of the cement of Pakistan.[84]. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. Punjab's region temperature ranges from −2° to 45 °C, but can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and can touch down to −10 °C in winter. [6] Punjab features heavily in the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharata, and is home to Taxila, site of what is considered by many to be the oldest university in the world. Gondophares became the ruler of areas comprising Arachosia, Seistan, Sindh, Punjab, and the Kabul valley. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Climatically, Punjab has three major seasons:[60]. From west to east, the rivers are: the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. Vaisakhi, also called Besakhi, is a harvest festival to celebrate harvesting the wheat crop. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. Himachal Pradesh, India: 5.5 million (96% Hindus) Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. Punjāb (Pakistan): Province, Major Cities, Municipalites & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. The official language of Pakistan continues to be Urdu. Punjab has the highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.567.[2]. info); lit. ' Punjab also contains part of the Thal and Cholistan deserts. The Kushan Empire was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century. Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) has questioned Pakistan's decision to adopt Urdu as its national language in a country where majority of people speak Punjabi language, citing his interpretation of Islamic doctrine as encouraging education in the mother-tongue. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. Guijranwala (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.57 million. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. World Population > India Population Punjab Population Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. ; Background paper for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006: literacy for life; 2005", "Rural women uphold Pakistan's literacy rate", Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela, "Asthma treatment in Pakistani salt mine",,_Pakistan&oldid=998933433, States and territories established in 1970, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with dead external links from December 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The population of Punjab in 2020 as per estimated figures is 30.46256 Million + 0.272512 Million = 30.735072 Million. The capital of Punjab is Lahore. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. From about 1813 he began a series of rebellions against the Sikhs which continued throughout his lifetime inflicting defeats on the Sikhs whilst also losing territory to them before being poisoned in 1844. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. Administrative Subdivision. Parts of Punjab first came into contact with Islam after the Umayyad Caliphate commander Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in 711 and expanded into southern Punjab. The critics of the revamped formula have the plea that with a population of 220 million, Pakistan should have more ... who has also been looped in for a short-term contract by Southern Punjab… Faisalabad's GDP is projected to rise to $37 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5.7%, higher than the growth rates of 5.5% and 5.6% predicted for Karachi and Lahore. Each Department is headed by a Provincial Minister (Politician) and a Provincial Secretary (A civil servant of usually BPS-20 or BPS-21). This number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in 2012. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. A coalition was formed against Alexander by the Cathians, the people of Multan, who were very skilful in war. The cultural rich state of Punjab adds around 3.5 lakh people to its population every year. population by selective age groups. Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. Are we to live or perish forever? [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. The language used the Kharosthi script, which died out about the 4th century. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. Pakistani districts and city Population. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Islam gradually over the centuries was accepted by the main Punjabi tribes largely due to their close affiliations with Sufi saints and their dargahs which dot the landscape of Punjab. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. He told the meeting that the provision of health cards to 45 percent population in Punjab would be completed by June 2021. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. The ginning industries are 6,778. Punjab is also a mineral-rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, iron, gas, petrol, rock salt (with the second largest salt mine in the world), dolomite, gypsum, and silica-sand. Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 2016. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. The outcomes The Khewra Salt Mine is a tourist attraction. Within Punjab, the British Territory of 99,089 sq. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. of Punjab PAKISTAN 2019 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2019 By: ... rapidly growing population have put enormous pressure on the natural resources. [54], Migration between Eastern and Western Punjab was continuous before independence. Both Indian and Pakistani Punjab are considered to have the best infrastructure of their respective countries. Livestock and poultry production are also important. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. All of Pakistan a seasonal festival and is celebrated as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the that. 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