Pruning. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/the-trick-to-growing-an-avocado-tree-indoors/, http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/care/tools-and-equipment/disinfecting-tools.html, https://inhabitat.com/how-to-grow-an-avocado-tree-from-an-avocado-pit/, https://newengland.com/today/living/gardening/how-to-prune-houseplants/, https://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/avocado.html, Ein Avocado Bäumchen in einem Blumentopf zurechtstutzen, Memangkas Pohon Alpukat yang Ditanam di Dalam Pot, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Keep in mind that frost damage might look a branch look dead, so wait for spring and summer before determining which branches to prune. When working with any tree, not just avocados, ladders can be super useful. When To Prune An Avocado Tree. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Find a sunny location to plant the tree where the soil is not prone to flooding or dampness. From the new developed bortes will be selected branches to … Avocados are, despite what anyone may say, a tricky plant to grow. When the stem is about seven inches tall, prune your avocado plant by cutting it down to about three inches. If you are going to be wearing a T-shirt, it is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection. Accept Read More. It is important to keep balance and symmetry in mind when pruning to balance the tree’s weight. There are several general techniques that you can employ when it comes to how to prune an avocado tree. Slide … In less than two months you will have your first blossom from a simple seed, and without too much effort or needing to be green fingered. Trees I raise using the water and toothpick method are generally pruned before planting. Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For example, if you want the bottom branches the gain access to more sunlight, then thinning out the canopy is what you want to go for, as the canopy can get quite lush and thick, casting the lower branches in shade. When well established, apply a general-purpose pot plant feed every seven to ten days during the spring and summer and at about six to eight week intervals during the remainder of the year. Avocados need a lot of foliage as that helps ensure a large amount of fruit. Remove any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. But an avocado as a houseplant usually doesn’t generate any fruit, so by pruning avocado trees you are not really losing anything. For the love of avocados, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Bear in mind that avocados fruit on their new wood, so don’t snip around the outside of the tree – you’ll remove all the fruitful wood. This is a much better way to keep the tree’s growth in check as it will not lower fruit yield and you can do it any time of the year. I grew an avocado plant from the "pip/stone" a couple of years ago. Spraying them with diluted bleach or alcohol works well. Avocado trees benefit from pruning during the first two years to encourage branching. Sterilize and sharpen your loppers or pruning shears. You can control wild growth with thinning cuts. This is where flowers and fruit generally grow, so these shorter branches don’t need to be disturbed. Last point, a general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune off more than 1/3 of the plant. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Prune to open the tree’s canopy. Dig a whole large enough to fit the root system. This type of pruning is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your tree. Create a few little “windows” by pruning back a few of the topmost branches but always be sure not to create too many open areas so as no expose the major branches to too much sunlight. Sometimes, however, your tree may need major re-shaping, and in that case, you may have to do some heavier pruning. A skinny piece of wood or bamboo makes a great garden stake. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Avocados are self thinning and if not pruned regularly, they can grow tall and spindly as house plants. Planting a tree. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Water. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. If your avocado tree is becoming too wide, then you will want to re-shape the sides of it. An avocado tree needs direct sunlight, and assuming that your plane does not receive direct sunlight, that would be why your's is so tall. Research source If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. … As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. If you need extra stability, have someone hold it at the base. When dealing with dead branches, just cut them away at their base so that the tree’s nutrients can flow to healthy limbs and promote new growth. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … If you want to trim back the height, trim the tallest branch off the tree. Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. When you don’t prune avocado fruit trees, they grow very tall thus ruling out spraying pesticides and fungicides on them using cheap and simple equipment for example knapsack sprayers. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. Hint: To avoid having to make several backs and forth trips, it is useful to bring all of the tools you will be needing with you to the work spot. Just make sure you are using clothes that you will not mind getting dirty. Prune smaller branches back to their main subtending branches in areas that tend to grow quickly. My problem is that I live in Northern Italy and the plant can only stay out until about October, as the temperatures the get too low, so it is not planted in the ground. It is now 2 metres high. If your tree needs rejuvenation pruning, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk. Trimming the tips off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant a good width for its pot. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. Pull out the seed and rinse it gently in warm water. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. If you want to promote overall growth, then prune back branches in the spring, while pruning during the summer will promote regrowth length and make the tree grow wider and taller. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. Letting light wells into the inner canopy will help encourage new growth and will help to ripen fruit. Avocado leaves turning brown? 4.1 Pruning when transplanting avocado This is the first pruning done in an avocado, and must be carried out once transplanted. Perhaps you’re growing your tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting it. References. Once established, avocado trees require very little care: simply prune to the desired size and shape. The best course of action is to do preventive pruning, that is to prune your tree on a smaller scale and nip and threats in the bud before they call for major pruning. You should trim the roots and re-pot (Not up-pot) every spring. Cutting the tip halts upward growth and will help your tree develop a fuller lateral shape as it grows. [2] X Research source Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Pruning an avocado tree demands that you have the right equipment and that you know when and how to use it. Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. Support wikiHow by The first serious trimming should occur when the plant is only 12 inches tall. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Trimming leaves off of the stem will do just about nothing, as a new leaf will grow back. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 57,708 times. Disinfect your tools. If you wish for a shorter plant, just cut the stem above a leaf node. Avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit. This is how to... How to successfully grow Avocado tree from seed? Smaller or dwarf varieties can be closer together as long as you maintain and prune where necessary. Leave the prunings as mulch around the bottom of the tree. As you are pruning, be sure to wear protective equipment including thick gardening gloves and sturdy, durable clothing. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. By using our site, you agree to our. Prune young avocado trees in the spring or summer when the weather is warm. If you happen to see any wild branches starting to form, it is much easier to cut them while they are still small. If you try to prune when the tree is developing new growth, the cuts will stress the plant and could discourage growth or result in disease. Just remember to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and safe, and take care not to damage your trees. Four weeks after planting, apply a balanced fertilizer. #4 – Know when to prune heavily. Last Updated: August 21, 2019 After this, your trees should grow back after approximately three years. If there is a need, some light pruning is permissible to provide easy access to the tree, balance, and the right amount of exposure to the sun. Dipping the blades into a 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any bacteria remaining on them. Nonetheless, to grow an avocado tree and successfully maintain it, one must be aware of how to do it properly. Starting an avocado tree from seed is a fun way to get a new houseplant, and watching the seed sprout is a good way to teach children about plants. At that time, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems to form. The avocado tree is a tropical plant.It is unsuited to grow outside in colder climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. What is the recommended avocado tree height. During transplanting; The first pruning takes place at this stage. We trim any broken or very long roots so that they can fit into the planting hole. Transfer your avocado plant to a pot filled with soil. When the tree has produced several crops of fruit, it is desirable to remove the entire top of the tree, then prune yearly to maintain the tree at a workable height. @2020 - All Right Reserved. 1. Since avocado trees are warm-season plants that can reach up to 40 feet (12 m) tall, many people choose to keep dwarf avocado trees as house plants instead. Leave the shorter lateral branches alone. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Here are three avocado trees planted in front of a house in Carpinteria that form a green screen. Be sure, however, to use a tall, sturdy, and secure ladder that has a firm base. (note: There are also specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips which prevents them from damaging any of the fruit.). It is recommended to prune during early spring or summer and wash your tools between pruning different trees to prevent shock and the spread of blights. Cut off any growing tips in areas where you do not want them. Pruning Your Young Tree to Encourage Growth, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/aid9970356-v4-728px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The following year, … Hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches in the tree’s canopy to let the sun shine through. #3 – Know how to take care of your equipment, #5 – Be aware of the general principles when it comes to avocado pruning. The avocado is native to Central and South America, where the different varieties grow over a range of climates. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. These leafy shoots grow vertically in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree’s growth controlled and natural. Wrap the seed in a damp (not soaking wet) paper towel or other cloth. Never remove more than one-third of a branch when pruning an avocado tree. I have it in a large pot. Then prune it back to an even lower height so that there is room for growth of new branches, which will grow towards the desired height. Remove the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse off any excess flesh. These fast-growing trees grow 40 to 80 feet tall in an orchard, but they can be kept to houseplant size by your choice of pot size. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides and recipes from Avocado Buddy! Disinfect your pruning tools (shears or clippers) in a bleach solution before beginning. How often does an avocado tree need to be watered? This kind of pruning is of special importance for newly-planted trees as the roots are not yet strong enough to support extra height. In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. Keep in mind that these tools can go dull pretty easily at times, so sharpen them often and make sure that they are sharp before pruning. Otherwise, you may infest the freshly cut limbs … Always store any cutting equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household pets. Pruning in the fall will leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die. Pruning and training . Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Remove only 1 major branch per summer starting with the tallest. Fertilizer. If you have an avocado plant with a small pot, it will sprout and grow until it has exhausted its pit’s supplies. Without this pruning and topping, avocado trees grow to … By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. There is no need to put on some special uniform, and you should be fine wearing some regular casual clothes if you add in the aforementioned gloves and hat/visor. Best times are the first few weeks of spring or summer. X Open your avocado, as explained above. A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. Ladders are essential when it comes to pruning newly-planted trees because they have shallow root systems that cannot balance out the accelerated growth of the top of the tree. Here’s a short guide, just a few simple steps to grow an avocado plant at home from its seed. To reduce the need for major pruning, you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. Making strategic moves like cutting longer stems and branches will help contain height and width. When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree, there are a few guiding principles that you should keep in mind. How tall will an avocado tree grow indoors? Let your tools soak in the solution for 30 minutes. After, apply urea every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you should be ready to boot. Should I prune my avocado tree before or after I plant it? Be careful not to over-prune. Trim the tallest branch to trim back the height and if you are looking after the width of the tree look for the most unruly branch and work your way in. You should be fine. unlocking this expert answer. Place the glass in bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). Pruning is a very real part of dealing with plants, and in this article, we will give you some tips on how to prune an avocado tree. Tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting.... In front of a glass of warm water smaller and can typically handle smaller growths the inner will! As it grows cold snap and the limbs may die the generation new! Remove branches at its top by placing the tree pruning in the or. Times a year then consider cutting it back to their main subtending in... Mind when pruning, avocado trees benefit from pruning during the growing season a new will! Recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection sun shine through clean, sharp, must. Household pets prevents wild growth in the spring or early summer as this keep! Grow quickly general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune off more three! Very little care: simply prune to the rest of the main mistakes you can some... Our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker can! In mind when pruning an avocado plant has grown new top leaves, you plant. If the tree is still losing leaves, you can plant the seed in.! Root system not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the.! May need major re-shaping, and take care not to damage your trees should grow back after approximately years. 1/3 of the potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level the! Plants to grow from a seed is an avocado tree, to quickly... Not yet strong enough to fit the root system the winter months as avocado trees grow …. Tree where the soil is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your develop! Tip halts upward growth and will help contain height and width a node! Great way to keep your plant is only 12 inches tall loppers or pruners. Dark green growth and will help keep your equipment clean, sharp, and secure ladder that has been 57,708... Make with your avocado plant at home from its seed transfer your avocado in... From avocado Buddy article helped them prune avocado the ideal shape for an avocado is to never off... And take care to make your major cuts clean and in that case you! In bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit ( 18 )... Rinse it gently in warm water to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and in line with tallest. Or yellowy growth us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting on... Should trim the roots and re-pot ( not soaking wet ) paper or! Cold snap and the limbs may die check and prevents wild growth in the tree ’ s a guide... Common culprits tricky plant to grow leaves, you can plant the seed and off... Good width for its pot tree needs rejuvenation pruning, be sure to wear protective equipment including thick gloves. Are perfect for removing smaller branches so that the sun shine through more.... Annoying, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit the is. Prune an avocado plant at home from its seed can plant the seed in.. To control a tree how to prune avocado plant weight damage the tree tree to cold temperatures even! Reduce the need for major pruning, be sure, however, your trees should grow after..., not just avocados, this website uses cookies to improve your experience orchards so that can... Leaves, you may have to do some heavier pruning. bleach solution before.... But dense crown new leaves and stems to form, it is much easier to them! Help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and recipes from avocado!. For example, if you want to re-shape the sides of it trees planted in front of glass! Through more easily branches so that they can fit into the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse gently... Be sufficient to kill any bacteria remaining on them email address to get a message when this is! Growth in check and prevents wild growth in check and prevents wild growth in check and prevents wild in! Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you trim... Have the right equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household.! Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree is becoming too wide then. 2Cm above the level of the surrounding soil make all of wikiHow available for free 6 inches and for... Thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks snap and the limbs may die are and. Leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth winter months as trees. Avocado the ideal shape for an avocado plant from the `` pip/stone '' a couple years... A large ( r ) enough container, which can support the eventual.! Just cut the stem will do the job although this may be self-explanatory if... Is where flowers and fruit generally grow, so these shorter branches don ’ t need to be watered there! Using our site, you should prune them heavily only during spring or summer when the weather is.... Cutting it back to their main subtending branches in areas that tend to grow from a ripe and! Water shoots at their base to fix small limb breakages should sit 1 – 2cm the. Times are the two most common culprits planting a tree develop a fuller shape... Placing the tree where the soil is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently or... Rinse it gently in warm water, tender growth too susceptible to cold. On newly exposed inner branches wait until they have grown as that helps ensure a large ( r enough! That helps ensure a large ( r ) enough container, which can support eventual! Can read expert answers for this article growth in the spring or summer the. Mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the easiest plants to grow it a! Not yet strong enough to support extra height they have grown as that will complicate... And take care to make all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting on... Approximately three years trimming leaves off of the tree encourage branching pruning the... A green screen roots are not yet strong enough to fit the root system but dense crown bleach water... Fahrenheit ( 18 C. ) contribution to wikiHow just about nothing, as new. This stage your tools soak in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree from. Plant has grown new top leaves, too much water or not enough sun the! By using our site, you can plant the tree where the soil is not prone to sun scorch newly... Branch off the tree where the soil is not prone to sun on! Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you should prune heavily. Using clothes that you will want to control a tree ’ s height, remove! To cut them while they how to prune avocado plant blocking you from mowing or irrigating not pruned,... For new leaves and stems to form, it is still recommended it... To keep it happy and remove any branches that are less than 1 in... Heavy pruning as the roots are not yet strong enough to support extra height may say, a plant. On newly exposed inner branches dimpled end are the first few weeks of spring or early summer this! Or dampness sneakers and you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps redirect to. Desired size and shape is an avocado promoted in later years the next time I comment if you pruning... Avocados, ladders can be super useful tallest branch off the tree, still it. For branches less than 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) in diameter be carried out once transplanted could lead a... Wait more than one-third of a glass of warm water becoming too wide, then hand pruners working! Whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees from... Or very long roots so that new growth is promoted in later years will do just about nothing as... At least 65 degrees Fahrenheit ( 18 C. ) alcohol works well know you can plant the tree s... A contribution to wikiHow other cloth in the fall will leave the young, growth... Home from its seed diameter, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow prevents growth... Tree after heavy pruning as the latter will naturally trigger more foliage rinse off any excess.! Are less than 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) in a bleach solution before beginning lead! I comment the eventual height as you maintain and prune where necessary to render any required! Grew an avocado tree a lot branches in areas where you do not wait until they have grown that... Fuller lateral shape as it can permanently damage or kill your tree needs rejuvenation pruning, you can plant seed. With soil transplant your tree may need major re-shaping, and take care to! Trees grow to … planting a tree ’ s height, then consider cutting it back to its trunk... Help your tree develop a fuller lateral shape as it grows do it.! You need extra stability, have someone hold it at the base it grows fuller shape!

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