Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. Camus’ famous novel, The Stranger, is a novel that reflects the idea of the absurd. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). Some rational explanation to the chaos and nonsense? On a literal level, he exemplifies the absurd characteristics of revolt, freedom, and passion outlined by Camus in “The Myth of Sisyphus.” Meursault prefers to be different than the rest of the world, and demonstrates his freedom by doing what feels appropriate to him at any given moment. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. These, as well as many other incidents and events in Camus’ life influenced him in the sense that they formed in him a bleak, pessimistic view of life. Abstract : Albert Camus’s present novel The Stranger widely considered as the true representation of his philosophical movement Existentialism and Absurdity. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel … Is there some higher order or law governing it? No plagiarism, guaranteed! Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. Is there a logical meaning to life? While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. While Absurdist might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel when his writing style was one of an Absurdist. Similarly, is the stranger absurdist or existentialist? London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Meursault’s speech, thought, and actions are what Camus believed a person who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism would have. Translated by Joris De Bres. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. 29 Mar. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. In 1939 he volunteered for service in WWII, but was rejected due to illness. “I explained to him that I wasn’t desperate. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism June 17, 2020 by Essay Writer Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Absurdism goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. “I explained to him, however, that my nature was such that my physical needs often got in the way of my feelings,” (Camus, 65) Meursault shows this characteristic throughout part one of the book, during Maman’s burial he was very tired and kept falling asleep and was only aware was Maman’s death and the people that were in the same room as him. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. “Then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney (the magistrate). “Death and Absurdism in Camus’s The Stranger.” University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Spring, 1997. Mersault and His Trial in Albert Camus's "The Stranger", Commentary of a Passage Taken from " the Comfort of the Strangers ", The Things They Carried" Compared to Neisser's "Five Kinds of Self Knowledge, “Story Truth” and “Happening Truth” in "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, Analysis "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, The Portrayal of Vietnam in The Things They Carried and Good Morning Vietnam, Love and War in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried, Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried: Symbolism, Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism. Presented in first person narration through the eyes of Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, the novel serves to evoke the creed of existentialism through the embodiment of the philosophy in a person. If we take a look at the life of Albert Camus himself, it’s hard to deny the fact that there is a connection between the existentialism’s inception and personal tragedy. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. The book, narrated by Meursault, is basically life detailed superficially by him. Perhaps the most important example of existentialism in the book is presented at the end of the novel when Meursault is sentenced to death, he faced it as an existentialist would have. Camus just takes Mers. The Stranger. At one time or another all normal people have wished their loved ones were dead.” (Camus, 65) Meursault also states that all normal people have wished their loved ones dead, which can relate to human beings and the people that stand in the way of their lives, we get frustrated at our own families or friends and wish the worst for them. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. The answer from The Stranger to these questions is a categorical "No." Existentialism focuses on the existence of free will and the development of the self through a person’s actions. 1st Jan 1970 Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. Herbert Marcuse criticized existentialism, especially in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, for projecting certain features of living in a modern, oppressive society, such as anxiety and meaninglessness, onto the nature of existence itself: “In so far as Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine, it remains an idealistic doctrine: it hypothesizes specific historical conditions of human existence into ontological and metaphysical characteristics. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian author and philosopher whose work was very prevalent in the mid-twentieth century. In the beginning of part two Meursault expresses his true feelings for Maman’s death, those of hate and dislike. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. “Sartre’s Existentialism”. 2007 . “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Throughout the story, Meursault refuses to adhere to the moral codes of society and murders an Arab, which leads him to months in prison and a … respects human being as unaccountable. If one were to truly take a look at the universe, it would seem purposeless. Though Camus does not refer to this notion or absurdity, the beliefs are performed throughout the novel. shoots an Arab. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. 6.White, Ray. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. In any instanceThe Strangerprice reductions both the value of any workss and the hope of internal felicity based on a belief of divinity. Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom. I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. “If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life.” The point illuminated in this quote by Camus is that although some consider viewing life with despair to be wrong, or sinful, in reality hoping for an after life, “another life”, or living a life of implacable grandeur is the real sin. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. Existentialism and the Absurd { Philosophy Index }. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. For the first time in the entire novel he realized what his mother felt before she died, “So close to death , Maman must have felt free then ready to live it all again” (Camus, 122) throughout the entire book his mother’s death had absolutely no meaning to him at all but now when he is put in the same situation, facing death, he finally realized what it must have been like for her. “The Meaning of Life.” 2004. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. He doesn’t care when his mother died, in fact the fact that he has to attend the funeral altogether is the most troubling part of this whole ordeal to him. 1.”Existentialism.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. After the incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. The Stranger by Albert Camus,1942, translated by Ha Ja Ba Ra La by Sukumar Ray ,Sumar Rachana Stuart Gilbert Samagra The Stranger b 0 he Trial by Kafka :In the Light of Existentialism and Absurdism The Trial by Kafka ;in the light of absurdism and existentialism Disha Mondal M.A. Absurdism is often considered a branch of existentialism. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. “I probably did love Maman, but that didn’t mean anything. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. Rather than focusing on what is important-his mother’s death-Meursault is focused on when exactly she died; whether it was yesterday or today, since the telegraph only stated the funeral would be tomorrow. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. 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